December 20, 2021 [bnamericas] – Brazil has 24 liquid and chemical bulk terminals being expanded or built with investments totaling 2.5bn reais (US$440mn), according to a study by waterway regulator Antaq.
The report, seen by BNamericas, considers the results of public tenders involving greenfield and brownfield projects – to large extent for fuel storage and handling – carried out by local authorities in the last five years.
The largest project underway is the expansion of the STS08A (Alamoa) terminal, in Santos, São Paulo state, whose leasing tender was recently won by Transpetro.
The Petrobras logistics subsidiary will invest around 680mn reais in the next 25 years to add berths, a pier and tanking capacity.
Another Santos terminal on the list is STS13, expected to receive 198mn reais within the same period.
The other terminals are in Santarém, Belém-Miramar and Vila do Conde in Pará state, Itaqui (Maranhão), Cabedelo (Paraíba), Maceió (Alagoas), Vitória (Espírito Santo), and Imbituba (Santa Catarina).
The tenders considered national supply and demand forecasts between 2025 and 2060 coming from the port logistics plan (PNLP), the last of which was drafted in 2019.
According to the PNLP, available here, the São Paulo, Pernambuco, Maranhão, and Bahia clusters stand out for cabotage movement of petroleum products.
The São Paulo cluster concentrates not only the handling of oil products but also of ethanol, due to its proximity to the sugar-alcohol region.
The Rio de Janeiro cluster stands out for crude oil exports, due to its proximity to the Campos basin.
Brazil currently has the capacity to handle around 300Mt/y of liquid bulk in public and private terminals, with record handling having been registered in 2020.
Among public ports, Suape and Santos stand out due to their proximity to Petrobras refineries. The first is near the Abreu e Lima (Rnest) refinery, while Santos is surrounded by oil and gas pipelines amidst the country’s main fuel consumer market.
Private terminals greatly concentrate handling at the Angra dos Reis, São Sebastião, Açu and Madre de Deus terminals. All but Açu are operated by Petrobras and linked to its downstream activities.
According to Antaq, 81 private terminals are currently capable of handling fuels.
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